paradox-ology

paradox

[par-uh-doks]
noun
1.
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
2.
a self-contradictory and false proposition.
3.
any person, thing, or situation exhibiting an apparently contradictory nature.
4.
an opinion or statement contrary to commonly accepted opinion.

Origin:
1530–40; < Latin paradoxum < Greek parádoxon, noun use of neuter of parádoxos unbelievable, literally, beyond belief. See para-1, orthodox

paradoxical, paradoxal, adjective
paradoxology, noun


3. puzzle, anomaly, riddle.
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World English Dictionary
paradox (ˈpærəˌdɒks)
 
n
1.  a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement that is or may be true: religious truths are often expressed in paradox
2.  a self-contradictory proposition, such as I always tell lies
3.  a person or thing exhibiting apparently contradictory characteristics
4.  an opinion that conflicts with common belief
 
[C16: from Late Latin paradoxum, from Greek paradoxos opposed to existing notions, from para-1 + doxa opinion]
 
para'doxical
 
adj
 
para'doxically
 
adv

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Word Origin & History

paradox
1540, from L. paradoxum "paradox, statement seemingly absurd yet really true," from Gk. paradoxon, from neut. of adj. paradoxos "contrary to expectation, incredible," from para- "contrary to" + doxa "opinion."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

paradox par·a·dox (pār'ə-dŏks')
n.
That which is apparently, though not actually, inconsistent with or opposed to the known facts in any case.


par'a·dox'i·cal adj.
par'a·dox'i·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

paradox definition


A statement that seems contradictory or absurd but is actually valid or true. According to one proverbial paradox, we must sometimes be cruel in order to be kind. Another form of paradox is a statement that truly is contradictory and yet follows logically from other statements that do not seem open to objection. If someone says, “I am lying,” for example, and we assume that his statement is true, it must be false. The paradox is that the statement “I am lying” is false if it is true.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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