paralyses

paralysis

[puh-ral-uh-sis]
noun, plural paralyses [puh-ral-uh-seez] .
1.
Pathology.
a.
a loss or impairment of voluntary movement in a body part, caused by injury or disease of the nerves, brain, or spinal cord.
b.
a disease characterized by this, especially palsy.
2.
a state of helpless stoppage, inactivity, or inability to act: The strike caused a paralysis of all shipping.

Origin:
before 1150; < Latin < Greek parálysis, equivalent to paraly-, var stem of paralȳ́ein to loosen (i.e., disable) on one side (para- para-1 + lȳ́ein to loosen) + -sis -sis; replacing Middle English paralisi(e) < Old French < Latin, as above; replacing late Old English paralisin (accusative) < Latin, as above; cf. palsy

nonparalysis, noun, plural nonparalyses.
semiparalysis, noun, plural semiparalyses.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

paralyze

[par-uh-lahyz]
verb (used with object), paralyzed, paralyzing.
1.
to affect with paralysis.
2.
to bring to a condition of helpless stoppage, inactivity, or inability to act: The strike paralyzed communications.
Also, especially British, paralyse.


Origin:
1795–1805; back formation from paralysis, modeled on analyze

paralyzant, adjective, noun
paralyzation, noun
paralyzer, noun
paralyzingly, adverb
semiparalyzed, adjective
unparalyzed, adjective


2. See shock1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
paralysis (pəˈrælɪsɪs)
 
n , pl -ses
1.  pathol
 a.  impairment or loss of voluntary muscle function or of sensation (sensory paralysis) in a part or area of the body, usually caused by a lesion or disorder of the muscles or the nerves supplying them
 b.  a disease characterized by such impairment or loss; palsy
2.  cessation or impairment of activity: paralysis of industry by strikes
 
[C16: via Latin from Greek paralusis; see para-1, -lysis]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

paralysis
1520s, from Gk. paralysis, lit. "loosening," from paralyein "disable, enfeeble," from para- "beside" + lyein "loosen, untie," cognate with L. luere "to loose, release, atone for, expiate," O.E. for-leosan "to lose, destroy," losian "to perish, be lost" (see lose). Earlier
form was paralysie (late 14c., see palsy). O.E. equivalent was lyft adl (see left (adj.)).

paralyze
1804, from Fr. paralyser (16c.), from O.Fr. paralisie "paralysis," from L. paralysis (see paralysis). Related: Paralyzed.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

paralysis pa·ral·y·sis (pə-rāl'ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. pa·ral·y·ses (-sēz')

  1. Loss of power of voluntary movement in a muscle through injury or through disease of its nerve supply.

  2. Loss of sensation over a region of the body.

paralyze par·a·lyze (pār'ə-līz')
v. par·a·lyzed, par·a·lyz·ing, par·a·lyz·es
To affect with paralysis; cause to be paralytic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
paralysis   (pə-rāl'ĭ-sĭs)  Pronunciation Key 
Loss or impairment of voluntary movement or sensation in a part of the body, usually as a result of neurologic injury or disease.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
paralysis [(puh-ral-uh-sis)]

The loss of voluntary movement in a body part. Paralysis results from damage to the nerves that supply the affected part of the body.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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