ParathesisPa*rath"e*sis\, n.; pl. Paratheses. [NL., from Gr. ? a putting beside, from ? to put beside.]1. (Gram.) The placing of two or more nouns in the same case; apposition. 2. (Rhet.) A parenthetical notice, usually of matter to be afterward expanded. --Smart. 3. (Print.) The matter contained within brackets. 4. (Eccl.) A commendatory prayer. --Shipley.