|1.||to excuse or forgive (a person) for (an offence, mistake, etc): to pardon someone; to pardon a fault|
|3.||a. release from punishment for an offence|
|b. the warrant granting such release|
|4.||a Roman Catholic indulgence|
|5.||pardon me, Also: I beg your pardon|
|a. sorry; excuse me|
|b. what did you say?|
|[C13: from Old French, from Medieval Latin perdōnum, from perdōnāre to forgive freely, from Latin per (intensive) + dōnāre to grant]|
" 'I grant you pardon,' said Louis XV to Charolais, who, to divert himself, had just killed a man; 'but I also pardon whoever will kill you.' " [de Sade]Pardon my French as exclamation of apology for obscene language is from 1895. A pardoner (mid-14c.) was a man licensed to sell papal pardons or indulgences.
the forgiveness of sins granted freely (Isa. 43:25), readily (Neh. 9:17; Ps. 86:5), abundantly (Isa. 55:7; Rom. 5:20). Pardon is an act of a sovereign, in pure sovereignty, granting simply a remission of the penalty due to sin, but securing neither honour nor reward to the pardoned. Justification (q.v.), on the other hand, is the act of a judge, and not of a sovereign, and includes pardon and, at the same time, a title to all the rewards and blessings promised in the covenant of life.