parfleche

[pahr-flesh, pahr-flesh]
noun
1.
a rawhide that has been dried after having been soaked in a solution of lye and water to remove the hair.
2.
an article or object, as a case, pouch, etc., made of such rawhide.

Origin:
1820–30; < Canadian French parflèche, equivalent to French par(er) to parry (see para-2) + flèche arrow

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World English Dictionary
parfleche (ˈpɑːflɛʃ)
 
n
1.  a sheet of rawhide that has been dried after soaking in lye and water to remove the hair
2.  an object, such as a case, made of this
 
[C19: from Canadian French, from French parer to ward off, protect + flèche arrow]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

parfleche

tough, folded rawhide carrying bag made by the Plains Indians of North America; more loosely applied, the term also refers to many specialized rawhide articles. The Plains Indians had an abundant source of hides in the buffalo they hunted, but, as they were nomadic, they had little opportunity to tan the skins. Parfleche, or rawhide, was prepared by cleaning and dehairing the skin and then by stretching it and allowing it to dry in the sun. This process created a stiff but durable leather that was used for many items, including bags, thongs, and war shields

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
She can also teach hide-tanning, parfleche, and rawhide painting with natural pigmentation.
These vessels use beadwork to illustrate the graphic elements in native parfleche hide painting.
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