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capital of France, from Gallo-Latin Lutetia Parisorum (in Late Latin also Parisii), name of a fortified town of the Gaulish tribe of the Parisii, who had a capital there; literally "Parisian swamps" (cf. Old Irish loth "dirt," Welsh lludedic "muddy, slimy").
The tribal name is of unknown origin, but traditionally derived from a Celtic par "boat" (cf. Greek baris; see barge), hence the ship on the city's coat of arms.
A prince of Troy in classical mythology, whose abduction of the Greek queen Helen caused the Trojan War (see Helen of Troy and Judgment of Paris). Paris (or, according to some stories, Apollo disguised as Paris) killed Achilles by piercing his heel with an arrow.
Capital of France and the largest city in the country, located in north-central France on the Seine River; an international cultural and intellectual center, as well as the commercial and industrial focus of France.
Note: In the Treaty of Paris (1783), Britain formally acknowledged the independence of the thirteen colonies as the United States.
Note: In the 1920s, Paris was home to many artists and writers from the United States and other countries.
Note: During World War II, German troops occupied the city from 1940 to 1944.
Note: The city's tourist attractions include the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Museum, and the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris. The Champs Élysées is the most famous of its many celebrated streets, avenues, and boulevards.
Note: Paris is a center for fashion and design.
Note: It is called the “City of Light.”