an ecclesiastical district having its own church and member of the clergy.
a local church with its field of activity.
(in Louisiana) a county.
the people of an ecclesiastical or civil parish.
Curling. house ( def 20 ).
on the parish, British.
receiving charity from local authorities.
Informal. meagerly or inadequately supplied.

1250–1300; Middle English, variant of parosshe < Middle French paroisse < Late Latin parochia, alteration of paroecia < Late Greek paroikía, derivative of Greek pároikos neighbor, (in Christian usage) sojourner (see paroicous); see -ia

interparish, adjective
transparish, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
parish (ˈpærɪʃ)
1.  a subdivision of a diocese, having its own church and a clergymanRelated: parochial
2.  the churchgoers of such a subdivision
3.  (in England and, formerly, Wales) the smallest unit of local government in rural areas
4.  (in Louisiana) a unit of local government corresponding to a county in other states of the US
5.  the people living in a parish
6.  history on the parish receiving parochial relief
Related: parochial
[C13: from Old French paroisse, from Church Latin parochia, from Late Greek paroikia, from paroikos Christian, sojourner, from Greek: neighbour, from para-1 (beside) + oikos house]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 13c., from Anglo-Fr. paroche, parosse (late 11c.), from O.Fr. paroisse, from L.L. parochia "a diocese," alteration of Late Gk. paroikia "a diocese or parish," from paroikos "a sojourner" (in Christian writers), in classical Gk. "neighbor," from para- "near" + oikos "house" (see
villa). Sense development unclear, perhaps from "sojourner" as epithet of early Christians as spiritual sojourners in the material world. In early Church writing the word was used in a more general sense than Gk. diokesis, though by 13c. they were synonymous. Replaced O.E. preostscyr, lit. "priest-shire."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And forget about parish meetings in which people bat about random ideas on how
  to keep the church going.
Locals gather to gossip beneath its cheery red sign, and on its walls they post
  important notices regarding parish life.
The parish priest advised him that it was as dangerous now as it was then.
He says that after five years in office he wants to return to working as a
  parish priest.
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