paroxysmal

paroxysm

[par-uhk-siz-uhm]
noun
1.
any sudden, violent outburst; a fit of violent action or emotion: paroxysms of rage.
2.
Pathology. a severe attack or a sudden increase in intensity of a disease, usually recurring periodically.

Origin:
1570–80; earlier paroxismos < Greek paroxysmós irritation, derivative of paroxýnein to irritate. See par-, oxy-1, -ism

paroxysmal, paroxysmic, adjective
paroxysmally, adverb
hyperparoxysm, noun
postparoxysmal, adjective
preparoxysmal, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
paroxysm (ˈpærəkˌsɪzəm)
 
n
1.  an uncontrollable outburst: a paroxysm of giggling
2.  pathol
 a.  a sudden attack or recurrence of a disease
 b.  any fit or convulsion
 
[C17: via French from Medieval Latin paroxysmus annoyance, from Greek paroxusmos, from paroxunein to goad, from para-1 (intensifier) + oxunein to sharpen, from oxus sharp]
 
parox'ysmal
 
adj
 
parox'ysmic
 
adj
 
parox'ysmally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

paroxysm
"sudden attack, convulsion," 1577, from M.Fr. paroxysme (16c.), earlier paroxime (13c.), from M.L. paroxysmus "irritation, fit of a disease," from Gk. paroxysmos, from paroxynein "to irritate, goad," from para- "beyond" + oxynein "sharpen, goad," from oxys "sharp, pointed" (see
acrid). Non-medical sense first attested 1604.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

paroxysm par·ox·ysm (pār'ək-sĭz'əm)
n.

  1. A sharp spasm or fit; a convulsion.

  2. A sudden onset of a symptom or disease, especially one with recurrent manifestations, such as the chills and fever of malaria.


par'ox·ys'mal (-ək-sĭz'məl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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