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part

[pahrt] /pɑrt/
noun
1.
a portion or division of a whole that is separate or distinct; piece, fragment, fraction, or section; constituent:
the rear part of the house; to glue the two parts together.
2.
an essential or integral attribute or quality:
a sense of humor is part of a healthy personality.
3.
a section or division of a literary work.
4.
a portion, member, or organ of an animal body.
5.
any of a number of more or less equal quantities that compose a whole or into which a whole is divided:
Use two parts sugar to one part cocoa.
6.
an allotted portion; share.
7.
Usually, parts.
  1. a region, quarter, or district:
    a journey to foreign parts.
  2. a quality or attribute establishing the possessor as a person of importance or superior worth:
    Being both a diplomat and a successful businesswoman, she is widely regarded as a woman of parts.
8.
either of the opposing sides in a contest, question, agreement, etc.
9.
the dividing line formed in separating the hair of the head and combing it in different directions.
10.
a constituent piece of a machine or tool either included at the time of manufacture or set in place as a replacement for the original piece.
11.
Music.
  1. the written or printed matter extracted from the score that a single performer or section uses in the performance of concerted music:
    a horn part.
  2. a section or division of a composition:
    the allegro part of the first movement.
12.
participation, interest, or concern in something; role:
The neighbors must have had some part in planning the surprise party.
13.
a person's share in or contribution to some action; duty, function, or office:
You must do your part if we're to finish by tonight.
14.
a character or role acted in a play or sustained in real life.
verb (used with object)
15.
to divide (a thing) into parts; break; cleave; divide.
16.
to comb (the hair) away from a dividing line.
17.
to divide into shares; distribute in parts; apportion.
18.
to put or keep apart; separate:
They parted the calves from the herd.
19.
Metallurgy.
  1. to separate (silver) from gold in refining.
  2. to cut (one part) away from a piece, as an end from a billet.
  3. to keep the surface of (a casting) separate from the sand of the mold.
20.
Obsolete. to leave.
verb (used without object)
21.
to be or become divided into parts; break or cleave:
The oil tanker parted amidships.
22.
to go or come apart; separate, as two or more things.
23.
to go apart from or leave one another, as persons:
We'll part no more.
24.
to be or become separated from something else (usually followed by from).
25.
Nautical. to break or become torn apart, as a cable.
26.
to depart.
27.
to die.
adjective
28.
partial; of a part:
part owner.
adverb
29.
in part; partly:
part black.
Verb phrases
30.
part with, to give up (property, control, etc.); relinquish:
to part with one's money.
Idioms
31.
for one's part, as far as concerns one:
For my part, you can do whatever you please.
32.
for the most part, with respect to the greatest part; on the whole; generally; usually; mostly:
They are good students, for the most part.
33.
in good part,
  1. without offense; in a good-natured manner; amiably:
    She was able to take teasing in good part.
  2. to a great extent; largely:
    His success is in good part ascribable to dogged determination.
34.
in part, in some measure or degree; to some extent; partly; partially:
The crop failure was due in part to unusual weather conditions.
35.
on the part of,
  1. so far as pertains to or concerns one:
    He expressed appreciation on the part of himself and his colleagues.
  2. as done or manifested by:
    attention on the part of the audience.
Also, on one's part.
36.
part and parcel, an essential, necessary, or integral part:
Her love for her child was part and parcel of her life.
37.
part company,
  1. to bid farewell or go separate ways; leave one another.
  2. to dissolve a personal affiliation, relationship, etc., especially because of irreconcilable differences.
  3. to disagree.
38.
take part, to participate; share or partake:
They refused to take part in any of the activities of the community.
39.
take someone's part, to align oneself with; support; defend:
His parents took his part, even though he was obviously in the wrong.
Origin
1000
before 1000; (noun) Middle English (< Old French < L), Old English < Latin part- (stem of pars) piece, portion; (v.) Middle English parten < Old French partir < Latin partīre, derivative of pars
Related forms
multipart, adjective
subpart, noun
Synonyms
1. component, ingredient, division, sector. Part, piece, portion, segment, section, fraction, fragment refer to something that is less than the whole. Part is the general word: part of a house. A piece suggests a part which is itself a complete unit or it may mean an irregular fragment: a piece of pie; a piece of a broken vase. A portion is a part allotted or assigned to a person, purpose, etc.: a portion of food. A segment is often a part into which something separates naturally: a segment of an orange. Section suggests a relatively substantial, clearly separate part that fits closely with other parts to form a whole: a section of a fishing rod, a book. Fraction suggests a less substantial but still clearly delimited part, often separate from other parts: a fraction of his former income. Fragment suggests a broken, inconsequential, incomplete part, with irregular or imprecise outlines or boundaries: a fragment of broken pottery, of information. 6. apportionment, lot. 13. responsibility. 18. sever, sunder, dissociate, disconnect, disjoin, detach.
Antonyms
1. whole. 15. join.

company

[kuhm-puh-nee] /ˈkʌm pə ni/
noun, plural companies.
1.
a number of individuals assembled or associated together; group of people.
2.
a guest or guests:
We're having company for dinner.
3.
an assemblage of persons for social purposes.
4.
companionship; fellowship; association:
I always enjoy her company.
5.
one's usual companions:
I don't like the company he keeps.
6.
society collectively.
7.
a number of persons united or incorporated for joint action, especially for business:
a publishing company; a dance company.
8.
(initial capital letter) the members of a firm not specifically named in the firm's title:
George Higgins and Company.
9.
Military.
  1. the smallest body of troops, consisting of a headquarters and two or three platoons.
  2. any relatively small group of soldiers.
  3. Army. a basic unit with both tactical and administrative functions.
10.
a unit of firefighters, including their special apparatus:
a hook-and-ladder company.
11.
Also called ship's company. a ship's crew, including the officers.
12.
a medieval trade guild.
13.
the Company, Informal. a nation's major intelligence-gathering and espionage organization, as the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
verb (used without object), companied, companying.
14.
Archaic. to associate.
verb (used with object), companied, companying.
15.
Archaic. to accompany.
Idioms
16.
keep company,
  1. to associate with; be a friend of.
  2. Informal. to go together, as in courtship:
    My sister has been keeping company with a young lawyer.
17.
part company,
  1. to cease association or friendship with:
    We parted company 20 years ago after the argument.
  2. to take a different or opposite view; differ:
    He parted company with his father on politics.
  3. to separate:
    We parted company at the airport.
Origin
1200-50; Middle English < Anglo-French; Old French compaignie companionship, equivalent to compain (< Late Latin compāniō; see companion1) + -ie -y3
Related forms
companyless, adjective
intercompany, adjective
Synonyms
1. group, assemblage, body. Company, band, party, troop refer to a group of people formally or informally associated. Company is the general word and means any group of people: a company of motorists. Band, used especially of a band of musicians, suggests a relatively small group pursuing the same purpose or sharing a common fate: a concert by a band; a band of survivors. Party, except when used of a political group, usually implies an indefinite and temporary assemblage, as for some common pursuit: a spelunking party. Troop, used specifically of a body of cavalry, usually implies a number of individuals organized as a unit: a troop of cavalry. 3. gathering, crowd. 6. firm, house, corporation.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for part company

company

/ˈkʌmpənɪ/
noun (pl) -nies
1.
a number of people gathered together; assembly
2.
the fact of being with someone; companionship: I enjoy her company
3.
a social visitor or visitors; guest or guests
4.
a business enterprise
5.
the members of an enterprise not specifically mentioned in the enterprise's title Abbreviation Co, co
6.
a group of actors, usually including business and technical personnel
7.
a unit of around 100 troops, usually comprising two or more platoons
8.
the officers and crew of a ship
9.
a unit of Girl Guides
10.
(English history) a medieval guild
11.
keep company, bear company
  1. to accompany (someone)
  2. (esp of lovers) to associate with each other; spend time together
12.
part company
  1. to end a friendship or association, esp as a result of a quarrel; separate
  2. (foll by with) to leave; go away (from); be separated (from)
verb -nies, -nying, -nied
13.
(archaic) to keep company or associate (with someone)
Word Origin
C13: from Old French compaignie, from compain companion, fellow, from Late Latin compāniō; see companion1

part

/pɑːt/
noun
1.
a piece or portion of a whole
2.
an integral constituent of something: dancing is part of what we teach
3.
  1. an amount less than the whole; bit: they only recovered part of the money
  2. (as modifier): an old car in part exchange for a new one
4.
one of several equal or nearly equal divisions: mix two parts flour to one part water
5.
  1. an actor's role in a play
  2. the speech and actions which make up such a role
  3. a written copy of these
6.
a person's proper role or duty: everyone must do his part
7.
(often pl) region; area: you're well known in these parts
8.
(anatomy) any portion of a larger structure
9.
a component that can be replaced in a machine, engine, etc: spare parts
10.
(US & Canadian, Austral) the line of scalp showing when sections of hair are combed in opposite directions British equivalent parting
11.
(music)
  1. one of a number of separate melodic lines making up the texture of music
  2. one of such melodic lines, which is assigned to one or more instrumentalists or singers: the viola part, the soprano solo part
  3. such a line performed from a separately written or printed copy See part song
12.
for the most part, generally
13.
for one's part, as far as one is concerned
14.
in part, to some degree; partly
15.
of many parts, having many different abilities
16.
on the part of, on behalf of
17.
part and parcel, an essential ingredient
18.
play a part
  1. to pretend to be what one is not
  2. (foll by in) to have something to do (with); be instrumental (in): to play a part in the king's downfall
19.
take in good part, to respond to (teasing) with good humour
20.
take part in, to participate in
21.
take someone's part, to support someone in an argument
verb
22.
to divide or separate from one another; take or come apart: to part the curtains, the seams parted when I washed the dress
23.
to go away or cause to go away from one another; stop or cause to stop seeing each other: the couple parted amicably
24.
(intransitive) foll by from. to leave; say goodbye (to)
25.
(intransitive) foll by with. to relinquish, esp reluctantly: I couldn't part with my teddy bear
26.
(transitive) foll by from. to cause to relinquish, esp reluctantly: he's not easily parted from his cash
27.
(intransitive) to split; separate: the path parts here
28.
(transitive) to arrange (the hair) in such a way that a line of scalp is left showing
29.
(intransitive) a euphemism for die1 (sense 1)
30.
(intransitive) (archaic) to depart
31.
part company
  1. to end a friendship or association, esp as a result of a quarrel; separate: they were in partnership, but parted company last year
  2. (foll by with) to leave; go away from; be separated from
adverb
32.
to some extent; partly
See also parts
Word Origin
C13: via Old French from Latin partīre to divide, from pars a part
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for part company

company

n.

mid-12c., "large group of people," from Old French compagnie "society, friendship, intimacy; body of soldiers" (12c.), from Late Latin companio (see companion). Meaning "companionship" is from late 13c. Sense of "business association" first recorded 1550s, having earlier been used in reference to trade guilds (c.1300). Meaning "subdivision of an infantry regiment" is from 1580s. Abbreviation co. dates from 1670s.

part

n.

mid-13c., "division, portion of a whole," from Old French part "share, portion; character; power, dominion; side, way, path," from Latin partem (nominative pars) "a part, piece, a share, a division; a party or faction; a part of the body; a fraction; a function, office," related to portio "share, portion," from PIE root *pere- "to assign, allot" (cf. Greek peprotai "it has been granted," Sanskrit purtam "reward," Hittite parshiya- "fraction, part").

It has replaced native deal (n.) in most senses. Theatrical sense (late 15c.) is from an actor's "share" in a performance (The Latin plural partis was used in the same sense). Meaning "the parting of the hair" is 1890, American English.

As an adjective from 1590s. Late Old English part "part of speech" did not survive and the modern word is considered a separate borrowing. Phrase for the most part is from late 14c. To take part "participate" is from late 14c.

v.

c.1200, "to divide into parts; separate oneself," from Old French partir "to divide, separate" (10c.), from Latin partire, partere "to share, part, distribute, divide," from pars (see part (n.)).

Sense of "to separate (someone from someone else)" is from early 14c.; that of "to take leave" is from early 15c. Meaning "to separate the hair" is attested from 1610s. Related: Parted; parting. To part with "surrender" is from c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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part company in Medicine

part (pärt)
n.

  1. A portion, division, piece, or segment of a whole.

  2. Any of several equal portions or fractions that can constitute a whole or into which a whole can be divided.

  3. An organ, a member, or another division of an organism.

  4. An anatomical part; pars.

  5. parts The external genitalia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for part company

part

Related Terms

bit


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with part company

part company

Go separate ways; also, disagree about something. For example, After they reached the park Jeff and Jane parted company, or They parted company on their views of foreign policy. [ Early 1700s ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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