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Parthian

[pahr-thee-uh n] /ˈpɑr θi ən/
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Parthia.
2.
an Iranian language of ancient and medieval Parthia.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Parthia, its inhabitants, or their language.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; Parthi(a) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for parthians

Parthian

/ˈpɑːθɪən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Parthia, a country in ancient Asia, or its inhabitants
noun
2.
a native or inhabitant of Parthia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for parthians

Parthian

n.

1520s, native or inhabitant of Parthia (ancient kingdom northeast of Persia in western Asia), from Old Persian Parthava- "Parthian," dialectal variant of the stem Parsa-, source of Persia.

As an adjective, 1580s. Phrase Parthian shot is in reference to their horsemen, who were expert at racing forward, turning, and shooting arrows backward at the moment of retreat. The exact phrase is attested by 1832; the image itself was in use long before (e.g. Parthian fight, 1630s).

Or, like the Parthian, I shall flying fight ["Cymbeline," Act I, Scene VII]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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parthians in the Bible

were present in Jerusalem at Pentecost (Acts 2:9). Parthia lay on the east of Media and south of Hyrcania, which separated it from the Caspian Sea. It corresponded with the western half of the modern Khorasan, and now forms a part of Persia.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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