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partial

[pahr-shuh l] /ˈpɑr ʃəl/
adjective
1.
being such in part only; not total or general; incomplete:
partial blindness; a partial payment of a debt.
2.
biased or prejudiced in favor of a person, group, side, etc., over another, as in a controversy:
a partial witness.
3.
pertaining to or affecting a part.
4.
being a part; component; constituent.
5.
Botany. secondary or subordinate:
a partial umbel.
noun
6.
Bridge. part-score.
7.
Acoustics, Music. partial tone.
Idioms
8.
partial to, having a liking or preference for; particularly fond of:
I'm partial to chocolate cake.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English parcial biased, particular < Middle French < Late Latin partiālis pertaining to a part, equivalent to Latin parti- (stem of pars) part + -ālis -al1
Related forms
partially, adverb
partialness, noun
nonpartial, adjective
nonpartially, adverb
overpartial, adjective
overpartially, adverb
overpartialness, noun
Can be confused
partially, partly.
Synonyms
1. unfinished, imperfect, limited. 2. one-sided, unfair, unjust.
Antonyms
1, 3. complete. 2. unbiased, fair.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for partial to

partial

/ˈpɑːʃəl/
adjective
1.
relating to only a part; not general or complete: a partial eclipse
2.
biased: a partial judge
3.
(postpositive) foll by to. having a particular liking (for)
4.
(botany)
  1. constituting part of a larger structure: a partial umbel
  2. used for only part of the life cycle of a plant: a partial habitat
  3. (of a parasite) not exclusively parasitic
5.
(maths) designating or relating to an operation in which only one of a set of independent variables is considered at a time
noun
6.
(music, acoustics) Also called partial tone. any of the component tones of a single musical sound, including both those that belong to the harmonic series of the sound and those that do not
7.
(maths) a partial derivative
Derived Forms
partially, adverb
partialness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French parcial, from Late Latin partiālis incomplete, from Latin parspart
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for partial to

partial

adj.

early 15c., "one-sided, biased," from Old French parcial (14c., Modern French partial), from Medieval Latin partialis "divisible, solitary, partial," from Latin pars (genitive partis) "part" (see part (n.)). Sense of "not whole, incomplete" is attested from late 14c. Related: Partially (mid-15c. as "incompletely").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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