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partisan1

[pahr-tuh-zuh n, -suh n; British pahr-tuh-zan] /ˈpɑr tə zən, -sən; British ˌpɑr təˈzæn/
noun
1.
an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, especially a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.
2.
Military. a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy, especially a member of a guerrilla band engaged in fighting or sabotage against an occupying army.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of partisans; partial to a specific party, person, etc.:
partisan politics.
4.
of, pertaining to, or carried on by military partisans or guerrillas.
Also, partizan.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Middle French < Upper Italian parteźan (Tuscan partigiano), equivalent to part(e) faction, part + -eźan (< Vulgar Latin *-ēs- -ese + Latin -iānus -ian)
Related forms
partisanship, partisanry, noun
Synonyms
1. See follower. 3. biased, prejudiced.
Antonyms
1. opponent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for partisan-ships'

partisan1

/ˌpɑːtɪˈzæn; ˈpɑːtɪˌzæn/
noun
1.
an adherent or devotee of a cause, party, etc
2.
  1. a member of an armed resistance group within occupied territory, esp in Italy or the Balkans in World War II
  2. (as modifier): partisan forces
adjective
3.
of, relating to, or characteristic of a partisan
4.
relating to or excessively devoted to one party, faction, etc; one-sided: partisan control
Derived Forms
partisanship, partizanship, noun
Word Origin
C16: via French, from Old Italian partigiano, from parte faction, from Latin parspart

partisan2

/ˈpɑːtɪzən/
noun
1.
a spear or pike with two opposing axe blades or spikes
Word Origin
C16: from French partizane, from Old Italian partigiana, from partigianopartisan1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for partisan-ships'

partisan

n.

also partizan, 1550s, "one who takes part with another, zealous supporter," from Middle French partisan (15c.), from dialectal upper Italian partezan (Tuscan partigiano) "member of a faction, partner," from parte "part, party," from Latin partem (nominative pars), see part (n.). Sense of "guerilla fighter" is first recorded 1690s.

adj.

1708 for warfare, 1842 for politics, from partisan (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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