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partisan1

[pahr-tuh-zuh n, -suh n; British pahr-tuh-zan] /ˈpɑr tə zən, -sən; British ˌpɑr təˈzæn/
noun
1.
an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, especially a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.
2.
Military. a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy, especially a member of a guerrilla band engaged in fighting or sabotage against an occupying army.
adjective
3.
of, relating to, or characteristic of partisans; partial to a specific party, person, etc.:
partisan politics.
4.
of, relating to, or carried on by military partisans or guerrillas.
Also, partizan.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Middle French < Upper Italian parteźan (Tuscan partigiano), equivalent to part(e) faction, part + -eźan (< Vulgar Latin *-ēs- -ese + Latin -iānus -ian)
Related forms
partisanship, partisanry, noun
Synonyms
1. See follower. 3. biased, prejudiced.
Antonyms
1. opponent.

partisan2

[pahr-tuh-zuh n, -suh n] /ˈpɑr tə zən, -sən/
noun
1.
a shafted weapon of the 16th and 17th centuries, having as a head a long spear blade with a pair of curved lobes at the base.
Also, partizan.
Compare halberd.
Origin
1550-60; < Middle French partizane < Upper Italian parteźana, probably by ellipsis from *arma parteźana weapon borne by members of a faction; see partisan1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for partisan
  • Politics may necessitate some partisan maneuvering at the outset.
  • More hopeful than a locomotive, able to leap partisan divides in a single bound.
  • Senator Sweeney should rethink his strategy of matching partisan overreach with more partisan overreach.
  • But its claims to non-partisanship are laughable.
  • Folks, this isn't a partisan political blog.
  • All the same, sharper partisan differences have a downside.
  • The auditors declared: "We see no use for such information except for partisan political purposes.
  • Look, she is over there where you see that group of partisans.
  • His lack of overtly partisan commitments may be an asset, demonstrating his neutrality and impartiality.
  • This tells me he's given up even trying to appear non-partisan.
British Dictionary definitions for partisan

partisan1

/ˌpɑːtɪˈzæn; ˈpɑːtɪˌzæn/
noun
1.
an adherent or devotee of a cause, party, etc
2.
  1. a member of an armed resistance group within occupied territory, esp in Italy or the Balkans in World War II
  2. (as modifier): partisan forces
adjective
3.
of, relating to, or characteristic of a partisan
4.
relating to or excessively devoted to one party, faction, etc; one-sided: partisan control
Derived Forms
partisanship, partizanship, noun
Word Origin
C16: via French, from Old Italian partigiano, from parte faction, from Latin parspart

partisan2

/ˈpɑːtɪzən/
noun
1.
a spear or pike with two opposing axe blades or spikes
Word Origin
C16: from French partizane, from Old Italian partigiana, from partigianopartisan1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for partisan
n.

also partizan, 1550s, "one who takes part with another, zealous supporter," from Middle French partisan (15c.), from dialectal upper Italian partezan (Tuscan partigiano) "member of a faction, partner," from parte "part, party," from Latin partem (nominative pars), see part (n.). Sense of "guerilla fighter" is first recorded 1690s.

adj.

1708 for warfare, 1842 for politics, from partisan (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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