partridge pea

a North American plant, Cassia fasciculata, of the legume family, having yellow flowers and feathery compound leaves that fold shut when touched.

1780–90, Americanism; probably so called because its fruit provides food for partridges Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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partridge pea

tropical American plant having leaflets somewhat sensitive to the touch; sometimes placed in genus Cassia 
WordNet® 3.0, © 2006 by Princeton University.
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Example sentences
In later stages of growth, partridge pea can be unpalatable and even toxic to
Quail favor annual plants such as ragweed, partridge pea and foxtail, although
  they'll eat a great variety of seeds and insects.
With the exception of partridge pea, false-foxgloves and a few others, annuals
  are rare in undisturbed prairie sod.
Partridge pea is another well-known bobwhite favorite, which reseeds itself
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