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Denotation vs. Connotation

patronize

or (especially British) patronise

[pey-truh-nahyz, pa‐] /ˈpeɪ trəˌnaɪz, ˈpæ‐/
verb (used with object), patronized, patronizing.
1.
to give (a store, restaurant, hotel, etc.) one's regular patronage; trade with.
2.
to behave in an offensively condescending manner toward:
a professor who patronizes his students.
3.
to act as a patron toward (an artist, institution, etc.); support.
Origin of patronize
1580-1590
1580-90; patron + -ize
Related forms
patronizable, adjective
patronization, noun
patronizer, noun
repatronize, verb (used with object), repatronized, repatronizing.
transpatronize, verb (used with object), transpatronized, transpatronizing.
unpatronizable, adjective
well-patronized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for patronising
Historical Examples
  • "Doubt it not—doubt it not," replied Nicholas, in a patronising tone.

    The Lancashire Witches William Harrison Ainsworth
  • The intention was kind, but the manner was so patronising that Arthur felt offended.

    Night and Morning, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • "Take your time," she said with the most patronising kindness.

    Heart and Science Wilkie Collins
  • Morand shrugged his shoulders and turned a patronising gaze on Bouzille.

    Fantmas Pierre Souvestre
  • Jemima would not have been allowed to come so frequently if Mr Bradshaw had not been possessed with the idea of patronising Ruth.

    Ruth Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell
  • It is a condescending, patronising kind of manner, as if—yes, that is it!

    Out in the Forty-Five Emily Sarah Holt
  • patronising things were said of the Japanese as conquerors--of the Chinese; but few persons realised that a new Power had arisen.

  • “Now fall to, youngsters,” said Horner, in a patronising tone.

    Peter Trawl W. H. G. Kingston
  • I found him kind and sociable when approached, and at no time did he assume a patronising manner when doing a favour.

    Reminiscences of Queensland William Henry Corfield
  • “Very well, young one,” exclaimed Tommy in a patronising tone.

    Ernest Bracebridge William H. G. Kingston
British Dictionary definitions for patronising

patronize

/ˈpætrəˌnaɪz/
verb
1.
to behave or treat in a condescending way
2.
(transitive) to act as a patron or patroness by sponsoring or bringing trade to
Derived Forms
patronizer, patroniser, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for patronising

patronize

v.

1580s, "to act as a patron towards," from patron + -ize, or from Old French patroniser. Meaning "treat in a condescending way" is first attested 1797; sense of "give regular business to" is from 1801. Related: Patronized; patronizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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