a person without any means of support, especially a destitute person who depends on aid from public welfare funds or charity.
a very poor person.

1485–95; < Latin: poor

pauperage, pauperdom, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pauper (ˈpɔːpə)
1.  a person who is extremely poor
2.  (formerly) a destitute person supported by public charity
[C16: from Latin: poor]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1516, "person destitute of property or means of livelihood," from L. pauper "poor," from pre-L. *pavo-pars "getting little," from pau-, root of paucus "little" + parere "get, produce" (see pare). Originally in Eng. a legal word, from L. phrase in forma pauperis (1495) "in the
character of a poor person."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Automats could be great equalizers because paupers and investment bankers might sit together at the same table.
Includes tales of individual paupers and their situations.
There was no means-test--millionaires and paupers all collected benefits.
Limitations were placed on the allowable expenses for boarding as well as the number of permitted out-boarded paupers.
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