pechenegs

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pechenegs

a seminomadic, apparently Turkic people who occupied the steppes north of the Black Sea (8th-12th century) and by the 10th century were in control of the lands between the Don and lower Danube rivers (after having driven the Hungarians out); they thus became a serious menace to Byzantium. Pastoralists, traders, and mounted warriors originally inhabiting the area between the Volga and Yaik (Ural) rivers, the Pechenegs were attacked by the Khazars and the Oghuz (c. 889). They moved westward (especially as the Khazar state declined and could no longer impede the migration) at Byzantine instigation, driving the Hungarians into the Carpathian Basin and attacking Russian territory

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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