open-eyed, the son of Remaliah a captain in the army of Pekahiah, king of Israel, whom he slew, with the aid of a band of Gileadites, and succeeded (B.C. 758) on the throne (2 Kings 15:25). Seventeen years after this he entered into an alliance with Rezin, king of Syria, and took part with him in besieging Jerusalem (2 Kings 15:37; 16:5). But Tiglath-pilser, who was in alliance with Ahaz, king of Judah, came up against Pekah, and carried away captive many of the inhabitants of his kingdom (2 Kings 15:29). This was the beginning of the "Captivity." Soon after this Pekah was put to death by Hoshea, the son of Elah, who usurped the throne (2 Kings 15:30; 16:1-9. Comp. Isa. 7:16; 8:4; 9:12). He is supposed by some to have been the "shephard" mentioned in Zech. 11:16.
Tiglath-Pileser expressly says that he himself slew pekah and appointed Hoshea.
pekah also withdrew his forces—no doubt compelled to do so by the step which Ahaz took in his desperation.
pekah does not appear even to have attempted any opposition, but to have submitted without resistance.
pekah, conscious of his inability to suppress the rebellion, called in Rezin to help him.
Now this pekah held the government twenty years, and proved a wicked man and a transgressor.
Uzziah was no more when pekah obtained the throne of Israel.
For pekah and Israel seem to have made light of the Northern raid.
pekah, according to the Chronicler, inflicted far deadlier injuries than Rezin.
pekah had put to death pekahiah, the son of Menahem, after a reign of two years, and seated himself on the throne.
But this was nothing compared with the humiliation and destruction inflicted by Rezin and pekah.