a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km).
Also, Peloponnese [pel-uh-puh-neez, -nees] , Peloponnesos [pel-uh-puh-nee-sos, -sohs, -suhs] .
Also called Morea.

< Latin < Greek Pelopónnēsos (representing phrase Pélopos nêsos literally, island of Pelops with sn > nn)

Peloponnesian [pel-uh-puh-nee-zhuhn, -shuhn] , adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Peloponnese (ˌpɛləpəˈniːs)
the Peloponnese Also known as: Peloponnesus, Medieval name: Morea, Modern Greek name: Peloponnesos the S peninsula of Greece, joined to central Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth: chief cities in ancient times were Sparta and Corinth, now Patras. Pop: 503 300 (2001). Area: 21 439 sq km (8361 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

peninsula of southern Greece, c.1490, from L., from Gk. Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos "island," first element said to be named for Pelops, son of Tantalus, who killed him and served him to the gods as food (they later restored him to life). The proper name is probably from pellos "dark"
+ ops "face, eye." But the association with the peninsula name likely is folk etymology.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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