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Peloponnesus

[pel-uh-puh-nee-suh s] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni səs/
noun
1.
a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km).
Also, Peloponnese
[pel-uh-puh-neez, -nees] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈniz, -ˈnis/ (Show IPA),
Peloponnesos
[pel-uh-puh-nee-sos, -sohs, -suh s] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni sɒs, -soʊs, -səs/ (Show IPA)
.
Also called Morea.
Origin
< Latin < Greek Pelopónnēsos (representing phrase Pélopos nêsos literally, island of Pelops with sn > nn)
Related forms
Peloponnesian
[pel-uh-puh-nee-zhuh n, -shuh n] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni ʒən, -ʃən/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for peloponnese

Peloponnese

/ˌpɛləpəˈniːs/
noun
1.
the Peloponnese, the S peninsula of Greece, joined to central Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth: chief cities in ancient times were Sparta and Corinth, now Patras. Pop: 503 300 (2001). Area: 21 439 sq km (8361 sq miles) Also known as Peloponnesus Medieval name Morea Modern Greek name Peloponnesos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for peloponnese

Peloponnesus

n.

peninsula of southern Greece, late 15c., from Latin, from Greek Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos "island" (see Chersonese); first element said to be named for Pelops, son of Tantalus, who killed him and served him to the gods as food (they later restored him to life). The proper name is probably from pellos "dark" + ops "face, eye." But the association with the peninsula name likely is folk etymology. Related: Peloponnesian.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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