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penalty

[pen-l-tee] /ˈpɛn l ti/
noun, plural penalties.
1.
a punishment imposed or incurred for a violation of law or rule.
2.
a loss, forfeiture, suffering, or the like, to which one subjects oneself by nonfulfillment of some obligation.
3.
something that is forfeited, as a sum of money.
4.
a disadvantage imposed upon one of the competitors or upon one side for infraction of the rules of a game, sport, etc.
5.
consequence or disadvantage attached to any action, condition, etc.
Origin of penalty
1505-1515
1505-15;Medieval Latin poenālitās. See penal, -ty2
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for penalty

penalty

/ˈpɛnəltɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
a legal or official punishment, such as a term of imprisonment
2.
some other form of punishment, such as a fine or forfeit for not fulfilling a contract
3.
loss, suffering, or other unfortunate result of one's own action, error, etc
4.
(sport, games) a handicap awarded against a player or team for illegal play, such as a free shot at goal by the opposing team, loss of points, etc
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin poenālitās penalty; see penal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for penalty
n.

mid-15c., from Middle French penalité and directly from Medieval Latin poenalitatem (nominative poenalitas), from Latin poenalis (see penal). The sporting sense is first recorded 1885. Ice hockey penalty box attested by 1931.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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