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peninsula

[puh-nin-suh-luh, -nins-yuh-luh] /pəˈnɪn sə lə, -ˈnɪns yə lə/
noun
1.
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland.
2.
the Peninsula,
  1. Spain and Portugal together; Iberian Peninsula; Iberia.
  2. a district in SE Virginia between the York and James rivers: Civil War battles.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; < Latin paenīnsula, equivalent to paen- pen- + īnsula island
Related forms
peninsular, adjective
peninsularism, peninsularity
[puh-nin-suh-lar-i-tee, -nins-yuh-] /pəˌnɪn səˈlær ɪ ti, -ˌnɪns yə-/ (Show IPA),
noun
transpeninsular, adjective
Can be confused
cape, peninsula, promontory.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for peninsular
  • The majority, by far, go to the peninsular region on cruise ships.
British Dictionary definitions for peninsular

peninsula

/pɪˈnɪnsjʊlə/
noun
1.
a narrow strip of land projecting into a sea or lake from the mainland
Derived Forms
peninsular, adjective
Usage note
The noun peninsula is sometimes confused with the adjective peninsular: the Iberian peninsula (not peninsular)
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, literally: almost an island, from paenepene- + insula island

Peninsula

noun
1.
the Peninsula, short for the Iberian Peninsula
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for peninsular
peninsula
1538, from L. pæninsula, lit. "almost an island," from pæne "almost" + insula "island." Earlier translated as demie island.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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peninsular in Science
peninsula
  (pə-nĭn'syə-lə)   
A piece of land that projects into a body of water and is connected with a larger landmass.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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peninsular in Culture

peninsula definition


A body of land enclosed on three sides by water, jutting out from a larger body of land.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for peninsular

any of the colonial residents of Latin America from the 16th through the early 19th centuries who had been born in Spain. The name refers to the Iberian Peninsula. Among the American-born in Mexico the peninsulars were contemptuously called gachupines ("those with spurs") and in South America, chapetones ("tenderfeet"). They enjoyed the special favour of the Spanish crown and were appointed to most of the leading civil and ecclesiastical posts under the colonial regime. As a result, the creoles, or persons of Spanish ancestry born in the Americas, were relegated to second-class status, though they, in turn, enjoyed many advantages over Indians, blacks, and those of mixed blood. Peninsulars were also given preference in commerce, whereas creoles were severely restricted in their business activities. Thus, there was enmity between the two groups. With the achievement of independence from Spain in the early 19th century, the creoles moved into the first rank of Latin American society, and the peninsulars were, in many cases, driven out.

Learn more about peninsular with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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12
17
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