peninsula

[puh-nin-suh-luh, -nins-yuh-luh]
noun
1.
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland.
2.
a.
Spain and Portugal together; Iberian Peninsula; Iberia.
b.
a district in SE Virginia between the York and James rivers: Civil War battles.

Origin:
1530–40; < Latin paenīnsula, equivalent to paen- pen- + īnsula island

peninsular, adjective
peninsularism, peninsularity [puh-nin-suh-lar-i-tee, -nins-yuh-] , noun
transpeninsular, adjective

cape, peninsula, promontory.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
peninsula (pɪˈnɪnsjʊlə)
 
n
a narrow strip of land projecting into a sea or lake from the mainland
 
[C16: from Latin, literally: almost an island, from paenepene- + insula island]
 
usage  The noun peninsula is sometimes confused with the adjective peninsular: the Iberian peninsula (not peninsular)
 
pen'insular
 
adj

Peninsula
 
n
the Peninsula short for the Iberian Peninsula

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

peninsula
1538, from L. pæninsula, lit. "almost an island," from pæne "almost" + insula "island." Earlier translated as demie island.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
peninsula   (pə-nĭn'syə-lə)  Pronunciation Key 
A piece of land that projects into a body of water and is connected with a larger landmass.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

peninsula definition


A body of land enclosed on three sides by water, jutting out from a larger body of land.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

peninsular

any of the colonial residents of Latin America from the 16th through the early 19th centuries who had been born in Spain. The name refers to the Iberian Peninsula. Among the American-born in Mexico the peninsulars were contemptuously called gachupines ("those with spurs") and in South America, chapetones ("tenderfeet"). They enjoyed the special favour of the Spanish crown and were appointed to most of the leading civil and ecclesiastical posts under the colonial regime. As a result, the creoles, or persons of Spanish ancestry born in the Americas, were relegated to second-class status, though they, in turn, enjoyed many advantages over Indians, blacks, and those of mixed blood. Peninsulars were also given preference in commerce, whereas creoles were severely restricted in their business activities. Thus, there was enmity between the two groups. With the achievement of independence from Spain in the early 19th century, the creoles moved into the first rank of Latin American society, and the peninsulars were, in many cases, driven out.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The majority, by far, go to the peninsular region on cruise ships.
Synonyms
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