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penology

[pee-nol-uh-jee] /piˈnɒl ə dʒi/
noun
1.
the study of the punishment of crime, in both its deterrent and its reformatory aspects.
2.
the study of the management of prisons.
Also, poenology.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; peno- (combining form representing Greek poinḗ penalty) + -logy
Related forms
penological
[peen-l-oj-i-kuh l] /ˌpin lˈɒdʒ ɪ kəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
penologist, noun
Can be confused
penal, penological, punitive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for penological

penology

/piːˈnɒlədʒɪ/
noun
1.
the branch of the social sciences concerned with the punishment of crime
2.
the science of prison management
Also called poenology
Derived Forms
penological (ˌpiːnəˈlɒdʒɪkəl) adjective
penologically, adverb
penologist, noun
Word Origin
C19: from Greek poinē punishment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for penological

penology

n.

"study of punishment and crime prevention," 1838, coined apparently by Francis Lieber, corresponding member of the Philadephia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, from pen- as in penitentiary (ultimately from Latin poena "penalty, punishment;" see penal) + -ology "study of." Related: Penologist; penological.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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