dreamily or wistfully thoughtful: a pensive mood.
expressing or revealing thoughtfulness, usually marked by some sadness: a pensive adagio.

1325–75; < French (feminine); replacing Middle English pensif < Middle French (masculine), derivative of penser to think < Latin pēnsāre to weigh, consider, derivative of pēnsus, past participle of pendere. See pension, -ive

pensively, adverb
pensiveness, noun
overpensive, adjective
overpensively, adverb
overpensiveness, noun

1. P ensive , meditative , reflective suggest quiet modes of apparent or real thought. P ensive , the weakest of the three, suggests dreaminess or wistfulness, and may involve little or no thought to any purpose: a pensive, faraway look. M editative involves thinking of certain facts or phenomena, perhaps in the religious sense of “contemplation,” without necessarily having a goal of complete understanding or of action: meditative but unjudicial. R eflective has a strong implication of orderly, perhaps analytic, processes of thought, usually with a definite goal of understanding: a careful and reflective critic.

1. thoughtless. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pensive (ˈpɛnsɪv)
1.  deeply or seriously thoughtful, often with a tinge of sadness
2.  expressing or suggesting pensiveness
[C14: from Old French pensif, from penser to think, from Latin pensāre to consider; compare pension1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., from O.Fr. pensif (11c., fem. pensive), from penser "to think," from L. pensare "weigh, consider," freq. of pendere "weigh" (see pendant).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
This pensive study explores work not as an economic or sociological phenomenon
  but as an existential predicament.
Darwin may have been that kind of contemplative and pensive antiauthoritarian.
He is in a pensive mood.
The pensive slow movement was beautifully restrained.
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