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pentatonic scale

[pen-tuh-ton-ik, pen-] /ˈpɛn təˈtɒn ɪk, ˌpɛn-/
noun, Music.
1.
a scale having five tones to an octave, as one having intervals that correspond to the five black keys of a piano octave.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; penta- + tonic
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pentatonic scale

pentatonic scale

/ˌpɛntəˈtɒnɪk/
noun
1.
(music) any of several scales consisting of five notes, the most commonly encountered one being composed of the first, second, third, fifth, and sixth degrees of the major diatonic scale
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for pentatonic scale

musical scale containing five different tones. It is thought that the pentatonic scale represents an early stage of musical development, because it is found, in different forms, in most of the world's music. The most widely known form is anhemitonic (without semitones; e.g., c-d-f-g-a-c'), the hemitonic form (with semitones; e.g., c-e-f-g-b-c') occurring less frequently.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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