people's re-public of china

People's Republic of China

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

china
"porcelain imported from China," 1579, from the country name (1555), probably ult. from Skt. Cina-s "the Chinese" (earliest European usage is in It., by Marco Polo), perhaps from Qin dynasty, which ruled 3c. B.C.E. Latinized as Sina, hence sinologist. The Chinese word for the country is Chung-kuo, lit.
"the Middle Kingdom." Chinatown first attested 1857 in California.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

People's Republic of China definition


The government of China set up in 1949 after the victory of the communist forces of Mao Zedong. The People's Republic ruled the mainland of China, forcing the government of Nationalist China into exile on the island of Taiwan. For years, many Western nations, especially the United States, refused to recognize the People's Republic as the government of mainland China; instead, they exchanged ambassadors only with Nationalist China. The United States recognized the People's Republic as the government of China in 1979.

People's Republic of China definition


The official name for mainland China, which has a communist government.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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