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performative

[per-fawr-muh-tiv] /pərˈfɔr mə tɪv/
adjective, Philosophy, Linguistics
1.
(of an expression or statement) performing an act by the very fact of being uttered, as with the expression “I promise,” that performs the act of promising.
noun
2.
a performative utterance.
Compare constative.
Origin
1950-1955
1950-55; perform + -ative
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for per formative

performative

/pəˈfɔːmətɪv/
adjective (linguistics, philosophy)
1.
  1. denoting an utterance that constitutes some act, esp the act described by the verb. For example, I confess that I was there is itself a confession, and so is performative in the narrower sense, while I'd like you to meet … (effecting an introduction) is performative only in the looser sense See also locutionary act, illocution, perlocution
  2. (as noun): that sentence is a performative
2.
  1. denoting a verb that may be used as the main verb in such an utterance
  2. (as noun): ``promise'' is a performative
Derived Forms
performatively, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for per formative

performative

1955, adjective and noun, coined by British philosopher of language J.L. Austin (1911-1960), from perform + -ive.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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5
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