perfume

[n. pur-fyoom, per-fyoom; v. per-fyoom, pur-fyoom] /n. ˈpɜr fyum, pərˈfyum; v. pərˈfyum, ˈpɜr fyum/
noun
1.
a substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils.
2.
the scent, odor, or volatile particles emitted by substances that smell agreeable.
verb (used with object), perfumed, perfuming.
3.
(of substances, flowers, etc.) to impart a pleasant fragrance to.
4.
to impregnate with a sweet odor; scent.
Origin
1525–35; earlier parfume (noun) < Middle French parfum, noun derivative of parfumer (v.) < obsolete Italian parfumare (modern profumare). See per-, fume
Related forms
perfumeless, adjective
perfumy, adjective
unperfumed, adjective
Synonyms
1. essence, attar, scent; incense. 2. Perfume, aroma, fragrance all refer to agreeable odors. Perfume often indicates a strong, rich smell, natural or manufactured: the perfume of flowers. Fragrance is usually applied to fresh, delicate, and delicious odors, especially from growing things: fragrance of new-mown hay. Aroma is restricted to a somewhat spicy smell: the aroma of coffee.
Antonyms
2. stench.
British Dictionary definitions for per fume
perfume
 
n
1.  cologne See also toilet water a mixture of alcohol and fragrant essential oils extracted from flowers, spices, etc, or made synthetically, used esp to impart a pleasant long-lasting scent to the body, stationery, etc
2.  a scent or odour, esp a fragrant one
 
vb
3.  (tr) to impart a perfume to
 
[C16: from French parfum, probably from Old Provençal perfum, from perfumar to make scented, from per through (from Latin) + fumar to smoke, from Latin fumāre to smoke]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin and History for per fume
perfume
1533, from M.Fr. parfum, from parfumer "to scent," from Prov. perfumar, from L. per- "through" (see per) + fumare "to smoke" (see fume). Earliest use in Eng. was in reference to fumes from something burning. Meaning "fluid containing agreeable essences of flowers, etc., is attested from 1542. The verb is first recorded 1538.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Tile value for per

5
6
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