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percussion

[per-kuhsh-uh n] /pərˈkʌʃ ən/
noun
1.
the striking of one body against another with some sharpness; impact; blow.
2.
Medicine/Medical. the striking or tapping of the surface of a part of the body for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
3.
the striking of a musical instrument to produce tones.
4.
Music.
  1. the section of an orchestra or band comprising the percussion instruments.
  2. the percussion instruments themselves.
5.
a sharp blow for detonating a percussion cap or the fuze of an artillery shell.
6.
the striking of sound on the ear.
7.
the act of percussing.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin percussiōn- (stem of percussiō) a beating. See percuss, -ion
Related forms
percussional, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for percussional

percussion

/pəˈkʌʃən/
noun
1.
the act, an instance, or an effect of percussing
2.
(music) the family of instruments in which sound arises from the striking of materials with sticks, hammers, or the hands
3.
(music)
  1. instruments of this family constituting a section of an orchestra, band, etc
  2. (as modifier): a percussion ensemble
4.
(med) the act of percussing a body surface
5.
the act of exploding a percussion cap
Word Origin
C16: from Latin percussiō, from percutere to hit; see percuss
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for percussional

percussion

n.

early 15c., "a striking, a blow; internal injury, contusion," from Latin percussionem (nominative percussio) "a beating, striking; a beat as a measure of time," noun of action from past participle stem of percutere "to strike hard, beat, smite; strike through and through," from per- "through" (see per) + quatere "to strike, shake" (see quash). Reference to musical instruments is first recorded 1776.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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percussional in Medicine

percussion per·cus·sion (pər-kŭsh'ən)
n.
A method of medical diagnosis in which various areas of the body, especially the chest, back, and abdomen, are tapped with the finger or a plexor to determine by resonance the condition of internal organs.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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percussional in Culture

percussion definition


A family of musical instruments played by striking their surfaces. Percussion instruments are used to accentuate and dramatize certain notes or rhythms and include instruments such as cymbals, drums, triangles, and xylophones. (See kettledrum, snare drum, and orchestra.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for percussional

percussion

in medicine, diagnostic procedure that entails striking the body directly or indirectly with short, sharp taps of a finger or, rarely, a hammer. The procedure was first described in 1761 by the Austrian physician Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg. Although generally ignored by his contemporaries, it is now routinely employed. The sounds produced by the procedure are helpful in determining the size and position of various internal organs, in revealing the presence of fluid or air in the chest, and in aiding in the diagnosis of certain lung disorders.

Learn more about percussion with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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