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pericarp

[per-i-kahrp] /ˈpɛr ɪˌkɑrp/
noun, Botany
1.
the walls of a ripened ovary or fruit, sometimes consisting of three layers, the epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
2.
a membranous envelope around the cystocarp of red algae.
Origin
1750-1760
1750-60; < Neo-Latin pericarpium < Greek perikárpion pod. See peri-, -carp
Related forms
pericarpial, pericarpic, adjective
pericarpoidal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pericarp
  • It was found that on the surface of longan pericarp were many natural openings and cracking of the cuticle.
  • The tip cap is the only area of the kernel not covered by the pericarp.
  • Whole pericarp tissues will be used for comparison and distinction of epidermal versus inner pericarp activities.
  • Histochemical reactions in the pericarp and aleurone layer suggested the presence of phenolic acids.
British Dictionary definitions for pericarp

pericarp

/ˈpɛrɪˌkɑːp/
noun
1.
the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2.
a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi
Derived Forms
pericarpial, pericarpic, adjective
Word Origin
C18: via French from New Latin pericarpium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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pericarp in Science
pericarp
  (pěr'ĭ-kärp')   
The tissue that arises from the ripened ovary wall of a fruit; the fruit wall. In fleshy fruits, the pericarp can often be divided into the exocarp, the mesocarp, and the endocarp. For example, in a peach, the skin is the exocarp, the yellow flesh is the mesocarp, while the stone or pit surrounding the seed represents the endocarp.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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