[purm] Informal.
permanent ( def 4 ).
verb (used with object)
to give (the hair) a permanent.
verb (used without object)
to apply a permanent to the hair.

1925–30; by shortening Unabridged


[purm, pairm; Russian pyerm]
a city in the E Russian Federation in Europe, on the Kama River.
Formerly Molotov. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
perm1 (pɜːm)
1.  Also called (esp formerly): permanent wave a hairstyle produced by treatment with heat, chemicals, etc which gives long-lasting waves, curls, or other shaping
2.  the act of giving or receiving such a hairstyle
3.  (tr) to give a perm to (hair)

perm2 (pɜːm)
short for permutation

Perm (Russian pjermj)
Former name (1940--62): Molotov a port in W Russia, on the Kama River: oil refinery; university (1916). Pop: 984 000 (2005 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1927, shortened form of permanent wave (1909). The verb is first recorded 1928.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
  1. permanent

  2. permanent wave

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica


kray (territory), western Russia. It occupies an area on the western flank of the central Ural Mountains, extending from the crestline in the east across the broad basin of the middle Kama River. The northwest corner of the territory is occupied by the former Komi-Permyak autonomous okrug (district), which was merged with the former Perm oblast (region) in 2005 to form Perm territory. Almost the entire territory is thickly forested, with swampy forest, or taiga, of spruce, fir, pine, and birch. Extensive floodplain meadows line the rivers. Three-fourths of the population is urban, reflecting Perm's position as part of the Urals industrial area. It is exceptionally rich in minerals, notably salt and potassium along the Kama River; these are the basis of the chemical industry of Berezniki, Solikamsk, and Perm city, the administrative centre. Petroleum is extracted along the Kama, in the Sylva and Iren valleys, and in the south and is refined in Perm and Krasnokamsk. Chusovoy and Lysva have metallurgical plants, and most cities in the territory have engineering industries. Coal is mined in the Kizel area. The forests supply paper, pulp, and other timber-working industries. Agriculture has a minor role, except for intensive market gardening around the cities. There are several large power stations in the territory, notably the Kama hydroelectric plants. Area 62,000 square miles (160,600 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 2,748,233.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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