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perspective

[per-spek-tiv] /pərˈspɛk tɪv/
noun
1.
a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface.
2.
a picture employing this technique, especially one in which it is prominent:
an architect's perspective of a house.
3.
a visible scene, especially one extending to a distance; vista:
a perspective on the main axis of an estate.
4.
the state of existing in space before the eye:
The elevations look all right, but the building's composition is a failure in perspective.
5.
the state of one's ideas, the facts known to one, etc., in having a meaningful interrelationship:
You have to live here a few years to see local conditions in perspective.
6.
the faculty of seeing all the relevant data in a meaningful relationship:
Your data is admirably detailed but it lacks perspective.
7.
a mental view or prospect:
the dismal perspective of terminally ill patients.
adjective
8.
of or pertaining to the art of perspective, or represented according to its laws.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin perspectīva (ars) optical (science), perspectīvum optical glass, noun uses of feminine and neuter of perspectīvus optical, equivalent to Latin perspect-, past participle stem of perspicere to look at closely (see per-, inspect) + -īvus -ive
Related forms
perspectival, adjective
perspectived, adjective
perspectiveless, adjective
perspectively, adverb
nonperspective, noun, adjective
Can be confused
perspective, prospective.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for perspectival

perspective

/pəˈspɛktɪv/
noun
1.
a way of regarding situations, facts, etc, and judging their relative importance
2.
the proper or accurate point of view or the ability to see it; objectivity: try to get some perspective on your troubles
3.
the theory or art of suggesting three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface, in order to recreate the appearance and spatial relationships that objects or a scene in recession present to the eye
4.
the appearance of objects, buildings, etc, relative to each other, as determined by their distance from the viewer, or the effects of this distance on their appearance
5.
a view over some distance in space or time; vista; prospect
6.
a picture showing perspective
Derived Forms
perspectively, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Medieval Latin perspectīva ars the science of optics, from Latin perspicere to inspect carefully, from per- (intensive) + specere to behold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for perspectival

perspective

n.

late 14c., "science of optics," from Old French perspective and directly from Medieval Latin perspectiva ars "science of optics," from fem. of perspectivus "of sight, optical" from Latin perspectus "clearly perceived," past participle of perspicere "inspect, look through, look closely at," from per- "through" (see per) + specere "look at" (see scope (n.1)). Sense of "art of drawing objects so as to give appearance of distance or depth" is first found 1590s, influenced by Italian prospettiva, an artists' term. The figurative meaning "mental outlook over time" is first recorded 1762.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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perspectival in Culture

perspective definition


In drawing or painting, a way of portraying three dimensions on a flat, two-dimensional surface by suggesting depth or distance.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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