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[fee-nuh-tahyp] /ˈfi nəˌtaɪp/
noun, Genetics.
the observable constitution of an organism.
the appearance of an organism resulting from the interaction of the genotype and the environment.
Compare genotype.
Origin of phenotype
< German Phänotypus (1909); see pheno-, -type
Related forms
[fee-nuh-tip-ik] /ˌfi nəˈtɪp ɪk/ (Show IPA),
phenotypical, adjective
phenotypically, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for phenotypic
  • They started genetics companies, phenotypic databases, and worldwide organizations with satellite offices on every continent.
  • Hammer's paper simply adds human genotypic confirmation to the above phenotypic evidence.
  • On a broader phenotypic and evolutionary scale,some commentators offer insight into why.
  • The method relies on the phenotypic correlation between relatives.
  • These plots are measuring narrow sense heritability, which is the additive genetic variance over the phenotypic variance.
  • Overall, this a good time to be interested in questions about normal human phenotypic variation.
  • Personality is a phenotypic measurement that's disconnected from the underlying biology.
  • In reality it seems that more than one allele results in loss of function, but in terms of phenotypic effect they are equivalent.
  • Heritability is in short the proportion of phenotypic variance which can be explained by genetic variance.
British Dictionary definitions for phenotypic


the physical and biochemical characteristics of an organism as determined by the interaction of its genetic constitution and the environment Compare genotype
Derived Forms
phenotypic (ˌfiːnəʊˈtɪpɪk), phenotypical, adjective
phenotypically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for phenotypic



"observable characteristics of an individual," 1911, from German phaenotypus (Wilhelm Johannsen, 1909); see pheno- + type (n.). Related: Phenotypic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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phenotypic in Medicine

phenotype phe·no·type (fē'nə-tīp')

  1. The observable physical or biochemical characteristics of an organism, as determined by both genetic makeup and environmental influences.

  2. The expression of a specific trait, such as stature or blood type, based on genetic and environmental influences.

  3. An individual or group of organisms exhibiting a particular phenotype.

phe'no·typ'ic (-tĭp'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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phenotypic in Science
The physical appearance of an organism as distinguished from its genetic makeup. The phenotype of an organism depends on which genes are dominant and on the interaction between genes and environment. Compare genotype.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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phenotypic in Culture
phenotype [(fee-nuh-teyep)]

The outward appearance of an organism; the expression of a genotype in the form of traits that can be seen and measured, such as hair or eye color.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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