a combining form appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “loving” (philology ); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (philoprogenitive ).
Also, especially before a vowel, phil-.

< Greek, combining form of phílos loving, dear Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
philo- or (before a vowel) phil-
combining form
indicating a love of: philology; philanthropic
[from Greek philos loving]
phil- or (before a vowel) phil-
combining form
[from Greek philos loving]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

Gk. philo-, comb. form of philos "dear" (adj.), "friend" (n.), from philein "to love," of unknown origin. Productive of a great many compounds in ancient Gk.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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