philology

[fi-lol-uh-jee]
noun
1.
the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning.
2.
(especially in older use) linguistics, especially historical and comparative linguistics.
3.
Obsolete. the love of learning and literature.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English philologie < Latin philologia < Greek philología love of learning and literature, equivalent to philólog(os) literary, studious, argumentative + -ia -y3. See philo-, -logy

philological [fil-uh-loj-i-kuhl] , philologic, adjective
philologically, adverb
philologist, philologer, noun
nonphilologic, adjective
nonphilological, adjective
unphilologic, adjective
unphilological, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To philological
Collins
World English Dictionary
philology (fɪˈlɒlədʒɪ)
 
n
1.  comparative and historical linguistics
2.  the scientific analysis of written records and literary texts
3.  (no longer in scholarly use) the study of literature in general
 
[C17: from Latin philologia, from Greek: love of language]
 
philological
 
adj
 
philo'logically
 
adv
 
phi'lologist
 
n
 
phi'lologer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

philology
late 14c., "love of learning," from O.Fr. philologie, from L. philologia "love of learning, love of letters," from Gk. philologia "love of discussion, learning, and literature," from philo- "loving" + logos "word, speech." Meaning "science of language" is first attested 1716; this confusing secondary
sense has never been popular in the U.S., where linguistics (q.v.) is preferred.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences
And the biographies were no dry-as-dust treatises, but best-selling books
  chronicling the exciting life of a philological genius.
Without a background of support for philological knowledge, teachers have to
  make it up on their own.
The sheer amount of accompanying commentary and philological footnotes is one
  of them.
The reviews of the first edition in philological periodicals were always
  friendly, and in many cases exhaustive and valuable.
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature