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philosophy of common sense

18th- and early 19th-century Scottish school of Thomas Reid, Adam Ferguson, Dugald Stewart, and others, who held that in the actual perception of the average, unsophisticated man, sensations are not mere ideas or subjective impressions but carry with them the belief in corresponding qualities as belonging to external objects. Such beliefs, Reid insisted, "belong to the common sense and reason of mankind"; and in matters of common sense "the learned and the unlearned, the philosopher and the day-labourer, are upon a level."

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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