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phlegm

[flem] /flɛm/
noun
1.
the thick mucus secreted in the respiratory passages and discharged through the mouth, especially that occurring in the lungs and throat passages, as during a cold.
2.
one of the four elemental bodily humors of medieval physiology, regarded as causing sluggishness or apathy.
3.
sluggishness, indifference, or apathy.
4.
self-possession, calmness, or composure.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English fleem < Middle French flemme < Late Latin phlegma < Greek phlégma flame, phlegmatic humor, equivalent to phlég(ein) to burn + -ma resultative noun suffix
Related forms
phlegmless, adjective
Synonyms
3. impassivity.
Antonyms
3. animation, concern.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for phlegmless

phlegm

/flɛm/
noun
1.
the viscid mucus secreted by the walls of the respiratory tract
2.
(archaic) one of the four bodily humours
3.
apathy; stolidity; indifference
4.
self-possession; imperturbability; coolness
Derived Forms
phlegmy, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French fleume, from Late Latin phlegma, from Greek: inflammation, from phlegein to burn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for phlegmless

phlegm

n.

late 14c., fleem "viscid mucus" (the stuff itself and also regarded as a bodily humor), from Old French fleume (13c., Modern French flegme), from Late Latin phlegma, one of the four humors of the body, from Greek phlegma "humor caused by heat," lit "inflammation, heat," from phlegein "to burn," related to phlox (genitive phlogos) "flame, blaze," from PIE *bhleg- "to shine, flash," from root *bhel- (1) "to shine, flash, burn" (see bleach (v.)). Modern form is attested from c.1660. The "cold, moist" humor of the body, in medieval physiology, it was believed to cause apathy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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phlegmless in Medicine

phlegm (flěm)
n.

  1. Thick, sticky, stringy mucus secreted by the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, as during a cold or other respiratory infection.

  2. One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, thought to cause sluggishness, apathy, and evenness of temper.


phlegm'y adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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phlegmless in Science
phlegm
  (flěm)   
Thick mucus produced by the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, as during a cold or other respiratory infection.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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