city, capital of the nomos (department) of Florina, western Macedonia, northwestern Greece. Originally a Byzantine foundation, it later passed to Ottoman control; by the 18th century, its population was chiefly Turkish and Albanian. In the 19th century, Florina was a centre of Bulgarian irredentist agitation in Macedonia. It passed to Greece after the Balkan Wars (1912-13). Located in a fertile agricultural area, Florina markets grain, wine grapes, and vegetables. It has textile mills and is known for fine leather handicrafts.
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