|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
|a fool or simpleton; ninny.|
|—n , pl -teries|
|1.||(usually plural) Judaism Also called: Tefillah either of the pair of blackened square cases containing parchments inscribed with biblical passages, bound by leather thongs to the head and left arm, and worn by Jewish men during weekday morning prayers|
|2.||a reminder or aid to remembering|
|3.||archaic an amulet or charm|
|[C14: from Late Latin phylactērium, from Greek phulaktērion outpost, from phulax a guard]|
"Ye shall bind them [my words] for a sign upon your hands, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes." [Deut. xi.18]
in Jewish religious practice, one of two small, black leather, cube-shaped cases containing Torah texts written on parchment, which, in accordance with Deuteronomy 6:8 (and similar statements in Deuteronomy 11:18 and Exodus 13:9, 16), are to be worn by male Jews of 13 years and older as reminders of God and of the obligation to keep the Law during daily life. The name phylactery is derived from the Greek phylakterion, meaning amulet.
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