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piaster

[pee-as-ter, -ah-ster] /piˈæs tər, -ˈɑ stər/
noun
1.
a former coin of Turkey, the 100th part of a lira: replaced by the kurus in 1933.
2.
a monetary unit of Egypt, Lebanon, Sudan, and Syria, the 100th part of a pound.
3.
a former monetary unit of South Vietnam: replaced by the dong in 1976.
4.
the former peso or dollar of Spain and Spanish America.
Also, piastre.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < French piastre < Italian piastra thin sheet of metal, silver coin (short for piastra d'argento, literally, plate of silver), akin to piastro plaster
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for piasters

piaster

n.

also piastre, 1620s, "Spanish dollar, piece of eight," also used as the name of a monetary unit and coin of Turkey (1610s, in Turkish called ghurush, but originally debased Spanish dollars), from French piastre, from Italian piastra "thin metal plate," short for impiastro "plaster," from Latin emplastrum, from Greek emplastron (see plaster). The Italian word was applied to the Spanish silver peso, later to the Turkish coin based on it. Cf. shinplaster.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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