pictograph

[pik-tuh-graf, -grahf]
noun
1.
a pictorial sign or symbol.
2.
a record consisting of pictorial symbols, as a prehistoric cave drawing or a graph or chart with symbolic figures representing a certain number of people, cars, factories, etc.

Origin:
1850–55; < Latin pict(us) painted (see picture) + -o- + -graph

pictographic [pik-tuh-graf-ik] , adjective
pictographically, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pictograph (ˈpɪktəˌɡrɑːf, -ˌɡræf)
 
n
1.  a picture or symbol standing for a word or group of words, as in written Chinese
2.  a chart on which symbols are used to represent values, such as population levels or consumption
 
[C19: from Latin pictus, from pingere to paint]
 
pictographic
 
adj
 
pictography
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pictograph
"picture or symbol representing an idea," 1851, from L. pictus "painted" (see paint) + -graph. First used in ref. to Amer.Indian writing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
There are pictographs in our hills and bones in our caves.
The firm produces pictographs, the trade term for graphs in which the medium of
  expression is pictures--bags of gold for wealth.
The walls, caves, and alcoves of this sandstone monolith are adorned with their
  elaborate pictographs.
Pictographs are prehistoric rock paintings found in many of the area's
  rockshelters.
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