noun, plural pimentos.
Also called Chinese vermilion, Harrison red, signal red. a vivid red color.

1665–75; alteration of Spanish pimiento pepper plant, masculine derivative of pimienta pepper fruit < Late Latin pigmenta spiced drink, spice, pepper, plural (taken as singular) of Latin pigmentum pigment

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World English Dictionary
pimento (pɪˈmɛntəʊ)
n , pl -tos
allspice another name for pimiento
[C17: from Spanish pimiento pepper plant, from Medieval Latin pigmenta spiced drink, from Latin pigmentumpigment]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1690, from Sp. pimiento "green or red pepper," also pimienta "black pepper," from L.L. pigmenta, pl. of pigmentum "vegetable juice," from L. pigmentum "pigment," from stem of pingere "to paint" (see paint). So called because it added a dash of color to food or drink.
"[I]n med.L. spiced drink, hence spice, pepper (generally), Sp. pimiento, Fr. piment are applied to Cayenne or Guinea pepper, capsicum; in Eng. the name has passed to allspice or Jamaica pepper. [OED]
The piece of red sweet pepper stuffed in a pitted olive so called from 1918, earlier pimiento (1901), from Sp.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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