pistache

pistachio

[pi-stash-ee-oh, -stah-shee-oh]
noun, plural pistachios.
1.
the nut of a Eurasian tree, Pistacia vera, of the cashew family, containing an edible, greenish kernel.
2.
the kernel itself, used for flavoring.
3.
the tree itself.
4.
pistachio nut flavor.
Also, pistache [pi-stash] , pistachio nut (for defs 1, 2).


Origin:
1375–1425; < Italian pistacchio < Latin pistācium < Greek pistákion pistachio nut, diminutive of pistákē pistachio tree < Middle Persian *pistak (Persian pista); replacing late Middle English pistace < Middle French < Latin, as above

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World English Dictionary
pistachio (pɪˈstɑːʃɪˌəʊ)
 
n , pl -os
1.  an anacardiaceous tree, Pistacia vera, of the Mediterranean region and W Asia, with small hard-shelled nuts
2.  Also called: pistachio nut the nut of this tree, having an edible green kernel
3.  the sweet flavour of the pistachio nut, used esp in ice creams
 
adj
4.  of a yellowish-green colour
 
[C16: via Italian and Latin from Greek pistakion pistachio nut, from pistakē pistachio tree, from Persian pistah]

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Word Origin & History

pistachio
1598, from It. pistacchio, from L. pistacium "pistachio nut," from Gk. pistakion, from pistake "pistachio tree," from Pers. pista "pistachio tree." Borrowed earlier (1533) as pystace, from O.Fr. form pistace (13c.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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