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pistachio

[pi-stash-ee-oh, -stah-shee-oh] /pɪˈstæʃ iˌoʊ, -ˈstɑ ʃiˌoʊ/
noun, plural pistachios.
1.
the nut of a Eurasian tree, Pistacia vera, of the cashew family, containing an edible, greenish kernel.
2.
the kernel itself, used for flavoring.
3.
the tree itself.
4.
pistachio nut flavor.
Also, pistache
[pi-stash] /pɪˈstæʃ/ (Show IPA),
pistachio nut (for defs 1, 2).
Origin
1375-1425
1375-1425; < Italian pistacchio < Latin pistācium < Greek pistákion pistachio nut, diminutive of pistákē pistachio tree < Middle Persian *pistak (Persian pista); replacing late Middle English pistace < Middle French < Latin, as above
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pistachio nut

pistachio

/pɪˈstɑːʃɪˌəʊ/
noun (pl) -os
1.
an anacardiaceous tree, Pistacia vera, of the Mediterranean region and W Asia, with small hard-shelled nuts
2.
Also called pistachio nut. the nut of this tree, having an edible green kernel
3.
the sweet flavour of the pistachio nut, used esp in ice creams
adjective
4.
of a yellowish-green colour
Word Origin
C16: via Italian and Latin from Greek pistakion pistachio nut, from pistakē pistachio tree, from Persian pistah
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pistachio nut

pistachio

n.

1590s, from Italian pistacchio, from Latin pistacium "pistachio nut," from Greek pistakion "pistachio nut," from pistake "pistachio tree," from Persian pistah "pistachio." Borrowed earlier (1530s) as pystace, from Old French form pistace (13c.), which also is from the Italian word.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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16
17
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