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Pius I

[pahy-uh s] /ˈpaɪ əs/
noun
1.
Saint, pope a.d. 140–155?.

Pius II

noun
1.
(Enea Silvio de Piccolomini) 1405–64, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1458–64.
Literary name Aeneas Silvius.

Pius III

noun
1.
(Francesco Nanni Todeschini Piccolomini) 1439–1503, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1503.

Pius IV

noun
1.
(Giovanni Angelo Medici) 1499–1565, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1559–65.

Pius V

noun
1.
Saint (Michele Ghislieri) 1504–72, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1566–72.

Pius VI

noun
1.
(Giovanni Angelo or Giannangelo, Braschi) 1717–99, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1775–99.

Pius VII

noun
1.
(Luigi Barnaba Chiaramonti) 1740–1823, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1800–23.

Pius VIII

noun
1.
(Francesco Saverio Castiglioni) 1761–1830, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1829–30.

Pius IX

noun
1.
(Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti) 1792–1878, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1846–78.

Pius X

noun
1.
Saint (Giuseppe Sarto) 1835–1914, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1903–14.

Pius XI

noun
1.
(Achille Ratti) 1857–1939, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1922–39.

Pius XII

noun
1.
(Eugenio Pacelli) 1876–1958, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1939–58.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Pius II

/ˈpaɪəs/
noun
1.
pen name Aeneas Silvius, original name Enea Silvio de' Piccolomini. 1405–64, Italian ecclesiastic, humanist, poet, and historian; pope (1458–64)

Pius IV

noun
1.
original name Giovanni Angelo de' Medici. 1499–1565, pope (1559–65). He reconvened the Council of Trent (1562), confirming its final decrees

Pius IX

noun
1.
original name Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti. 1792–1878, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1846–78). He refused to recognize the incorporation of Rome and the Papal States in the kingdom of Italy, confining himself to the Vatican after 1870. He decreed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception (1854) and convened the Vatican Council, which laid down the doctrine of papal infallibility (1870)

Pius V

noun
1.
Saint. original name Michele Ghislieri. 1504–72, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1566–72). He attempted to enforce the reforms decreed by the Council of Trent, excommunicated Elizabeth I of England (1570), and organized the alliance that defeated the Turks at Lepanto (1571). Feast day: 30 April

Pius VI

noun
1.
original name Giovanni Angelico Braschi. 1717–99, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1775–99). He opposed French attempts to limit papal authority and denounced (1791) the French Revolution: he died a prisoner of the French in the Revolutionary Wars

Pius VII

noun
1.
original name Luigi Barnaba Chiaramonti. 1740–1823, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1800–23). He concluded a concordat with Napoleon (1801) and consecrated him as emperor of France (1804), but resisted his annexation of the Papal States (1809)

Pius X

noun
1.
Saint. original name Giuseppe Sarto. 1835–1914, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1903–14). He condemned Modernism (1907) and initiated a new codification of canon law. Feast day: Aug 21

Pius XI

noun
1.
original name Achille Ratti. 1857–1939, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1922–39). He signed the Lateran Treaty (1929), by which the Vatican City was recognized as an independent state. His encyclicals condemned Nazism and Communism

Pius XII

noun
1.
original name Eugenio Pacelli. 1876–1958, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1939–58): his attitude towards Nazi German anti-Semitism has been a matter of controversy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for pius

Pius

masc. proper name, from Latin pius "dutiful, pious" (see pious).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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