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plaid

[plad] /plæd/
noun
1.
any fabric woven of differently colored yarns in a crossbarred pattern.
2.
a pattern of this kind.
3.
a long, rectangular piece of cloth, usually with such a pattern and worn across the left shoulder by Scottish Highlanders.
adjective
4.
having the pattern of a plaid.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; < Scots Gaelic plaide blanket, plaid (def 3)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for plaider

plaid

/plæd; pleɪd/
noun
1.
a long piece of cloth of a tartan pattern, worn over the shoulder as part of Highland costume
2.
  1. a crisscross weave or cloth
  2. (as modifier) a plaid scarf
Word Origin
C16: from Scottish Gaelic plaide, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for plaider
plaid
1512, from Scottish, from Gaelic plaide "blanket, mantle," of unknown origin, perhaps a contraction of peallaid "sheepskin," from peall "skin," from L. pellis (but OED finds this "phonetically improbable"). The wearing of it by males forbidden by act of parliament, under penalty of transportation, 1746-82.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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