plain tiff

plaintiff

[pleyn-tif]
noun Law.
a person who brings suit in a court (opposed to defendant ).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English plaintif complaining person, noun use of the adj.: plaintive

plaintiffship, noun

plaintiff, plaintive.
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World English Dictionary
plaintiff (ˈpleɪntɪf)
 
n
Compare defendant Now replaced by: claimant (formerly) a person who brings a civil action in a court of law
 
[C14: from legal French plaintif, from Old French plaintif (adj) complaining, from plainteplaint]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

plaintiff
c.1400, from Anglo-Fr. pleintif (1278), noun use of O.Fr. plaintif "complaining," from pleint (see plaint). Identical with plaintive at first; the form that receded into legal usage retained the older -iff spelling.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

plaintiff definition


The party that institutes a suit in a court. The person or entity the plaintiff sues is the defendant.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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