plaint

[pleynt]
noun
1.
a complaint.
2.
Law. a statement of grievance made to a court for the purpose of asking redress.
3.
a lament; lamentation.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English < Middle French < Latin planctus a striking or beating (the breast) in grief, equivalent to plang(ere) to beat, strike, mourn for + -tus, suffix of v. action

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World English Dictionary
plaint (pleɪnt)
 
n
1.  archaic a complaint or lamentation
2.  law a statement in writing of grounds of complaint made to a court of law and asking for redress of the grievance
 
[C13: from Old French plainte, from Latin planctus lamentation, from plangere to beat]

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Word Origin & History

plaint
early 13c., "expression of sorrow," from O.Fr. pleint, from L. planctus "lamentation, beating," from plangere "to lament, to strike" (see plague). Connecting notion probably via beating one's breast in grief.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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