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plaint

[pleynt] /pleɪnt/
noun
1.
a complaint.
2.
Law. a statement of grievance made to a court for the purpose of asking redress.
3.
a lament; lamentation.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Middle French < Latin planctus a striking or beating (the breast) in grief, equivalent to plang(ere) to beat, strike, mourn for + -tus, suffix of v. action
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for plaints

plaint

/pleɪnt/
noun
1.
(archaic) a complaint or lamentation
2.
(law) a statement in writing of grounds of complaint made to a court of law and asking for redress of the grievance
Word Origin
C13: from Old French plainte, from Latin planctus lamentation, from plangere to beat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for plaints

plaint

n.

"expression of sorrow," c.1200, from Old French plainte "lament, lamentation" (12c.), from Latin planctus "lamentation, wailing, beating of the breast," from past participle stem of plangere "to lament, to strike" (see plague (n.)). Connecting notion probably is beating one's breast in grief.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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