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plaint

[pleynt] /pleɪnt/
noun
1.
a complaint.
2.
Law. a statement of grievance made to a court for the purpose of asking redress.
3.
a lament; lamentation.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Middle French < Latin planctus a striking or beating (the breast) in grief, equivalent to plang(ere) to beat, strike, mourn for + -tus, suffix of v. action
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for plaints

plaint

/pleɪnt/
noun
1.
(archaic) a complaint or lamentation
2.
(law) a statement in writing of grounds of complaint made to a court of law and asking for redress of the grievance
Word Origin
C13: from Old French plainte, from Latin planctus lamentation, from plangere to beat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for plaints
plaint
early 13c., "expression of sorrow," from O.Fr. pleint, from L. planctus "lamentation, beating," from plangere "to lament, to strike" (see plague). Connecting notion probably via beating one's breast in grief.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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