plant

[plant, plahnt]
noun
1.
any member of the kingdom Plantae, comprising multicellular organisms that typically produce their own food from inorganic matter by the process of photosynthesis and that have more or less rigid cell walls containing cellulose, including vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, and hornworts: some classification schemes may include fungi, algae, bacteria, blue-green algae, and certain single-celled eukaryotes that have plantlike qualities, as rigid cell walls or photosynthesis.
2.
an herb or other small vegetable growth, in contrast with a tree or a shrub.
3.
a seedling or a growing slip, especially one ready for transplanting.
4.
the equipment, including the fixtures, machinery, tools, etc., and often the buildings, necessary to carry on any industrial business: a manufacturing plant.
5.
the complete equipment or apparatus for a particular mechanical process or operation: the heating plant for a home.
6.
the buildings, equipment, etc., of an institution: the sprawling plant of the university.
7.
Slang. something intended to trap, decoy, or lure, as criminals.
8.
Slang. a scheme to trap, trick, swindle, or defraud.
9.
a person, placed in an audience, whose rehearsed or prepared reactions, comments, etc., appear spontaneous to the rest of the audience.
10.
a person placed secretly in a group or organization, as by a foreign government, to obtain internal or secret information, stir up discontent, etc.
11.
Theater. a line of dialogue, or a character, action, etc., introducing an idea or theme that will be further developed at a later point in the play: Afterward we remembered the suicide plant in the second act.
verb (used with object)
12.
to put or set in the ground for growth, as seeds, young trees, etc.
13.
to furnish or stock (land) with plants: to plant a section with corn.
14.
to establish or implant (ideas, principles, doctrines, etc.): to plant a love for learning in growing children.
15.
to introduce (a breed of animals) into a country.
16.
to deposit (young fish, or spawn) in a river, lake, etc.
17.
to bed (oysters).
18.
to insert or set firmly in or on the ground or some other body or surface: to plant posts along a road.
19.
Theater. to insert or place (an idea, person, or thing) in a play.
20.
to place; put.
21.
to place with great force, firmness, or determination: He planted himself in the doorway as if daring us to try to enter. He planted a big kiss on his son's cheek.
22.
to station; post: to plant a police officer on every corner.
23.
to locate; situate: Branch stores are planted all over.
24.
to establish (a colony, city, etc.); found.
25.
to settle (persons), as in a colony.
26.
to say or place (something) in order to obtain a desired result, especially one that will seem spontaneous: The police planted the story in the newspaper in order to trap the thief.
27.
Carpentry. to nail, glue, or otherwise attach (a molding or the like) to a surface.
28.
to place (a person) secretly in a group to function as a spy or to promote discord.
29.
Slang. to hide or conceal, as stolen goods.

Origin:
before 900; (noun) Middle English plaunte; in part continuing Old English plante sapling, young plant (< Latin planta); in part (< Old French plante) < Latin planta a shoot, sprig, scion (for planting), plant; (v.) Middle English plaunten; in part continuing Old English plantian (< Latin plantāre); in part (< Old French planter) < Latin plantāre to plant

plantable, adjective
plantless, adjective
plantlike, adjective
misplant, verb (used with object)
overplant, verb (used with object)
preplant, verb (used with object)
self-planted, adjective
subplant, noun
underplant, verb (used with object)
unplantable, adjective
unplanted, adjective
well-planted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
plant1 (plɑːnt)
 
n
1.  any living organism that typically synthesizes its food from inorganic substances, possesses cellulose cell walls, responds slowly and often permanently to a stimulus, lacks specialized sense organs and nervous system, and has no powers of locomotion
2.  such an organism that is green, terrestrial, and smaller than a shrub or tree; a herb
3.  a cutting, seedling, or similar structure, esp when ready for transplantation
4.  informal a thing positioned secretly for discovery by another, esp in order to incriminate an innocent person
5.  billiards, snooker a position in which the cue ball can be made to strike an intermediate which then pockets another ball
 
vb
6.  (often foll by out) to set (seeds, crops, etc) into (ground) to grow
7.  to place firmly in position
8.  to establish; found
9.  to implant in the mind
10.  slang to deliver (a blow)
11.  informal to position or hide, esp in order to deceive or observe
12.  to place (young fish, oysters, spawn, etc) in (a lake, river, etc) in order to stock the water
 
[Old English, from Latin planta a shoot, cutting]
 
'plantable1
 
adj
 
'plantlike1
 
adj

plant2 (plɑːnt)
 
n
1.  a.  the land, buildings, and equipment used in carrying on an industrial, business, or other undertaking or service
 b.  (as modifier): plant costs
2.  a factory or workshop
3.  mobile mechanical equipment for construction, road-making, etc
 
[C20: special use of plant1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

plant
O.E. plante "young tree or shrub, herb newly planted," from L. planta "sprout, shoot, cutting," perhaps from *plantare "to drive in with the feet, push into the ground with the feet," from planta "sole of the foot," from nasalized form of PIE *plat- "flat" (see place (n.)).
Ger. Pflanze, Ir. cland, Welsh plant are from Latin. Broader sense of "any vegetable life" is first recorded 1551. The verb, "put in the ground to grow," is O.E. plantian, from L. plantare, from planta. Most extended usages are from the verbal sense. Sense of a building "planted" or begun for an industrial process is first attested 1789. Slang meaning "a spy" is first recorded 1812. Planter "proprietor of a cultivated estate in W.Indies or southern colonies of N.America" is attested from 1647; hence planter's punch (1924).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
plant   (plānt)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of a wide variety of multicellular eukaryotic organisms, belonging to the kingdom Plantae and including the bryophytes and vascular plants. Plant cells have cell walls made of cellulose. Except for a few specialized symbionts, plants have chlorophyll and manufacture their own food through photosynthesis. Most plants grow in a fixed location and reproduce sexually, showing an alternation of generations between a diploid stage (with each cell having two sets of chromosomes) and haploid stage (with each cell having one set of chromosomes) in their life cycle. The first fossil plants date from the Silurian period. Formerly the algae, slime molds, dinoflagellates, and fungi, among other groups, were classified as plants, but now these are considered to belong to other kingdoms. See Table at taxonomy.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The seeds of knowledge may be planted in solitude but must be cultivated in
  public.
Cotton was labor intensive--it was planted, cultivated, and picked by hand.
Don't forget to water newly planted trees and shrubs deeply if it hasn't rained.
Librarians planted the seeds of their own destruction and are responsible for
  their own downfall.
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